A 34-year-old man with right-sided cluster headache presented with a stroke from right-sided moyamoya. Following surgery on the right, both moyamoya and cluster headache remitted, but eighteen months later a cluster attack and symptoms of cerebral ischemia from moyamoya recurred on the left. Again, following surgery on the left, both moyamoya symptoms and cluster attacks disappeared. Cluster headache secondary to moyamoya has not previously been described.
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 (CRPS-1) responds poorly to standard pain treatment. We evaluated if the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist S(+)-ketamine improves pain in CRPS-1 patients. Sixty CRPS-1 patients (48 females) with severe pain participated in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled parallel-group trial. Patients were given a 4.2-day intravenous infusion of low-dose ketamine (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) using an individualized stepwise tailoring of dosage based on effect (pain relief) and side effects (nausea/vomiting/psychomimetic effects).