The aim in this project is to study the intercept between the sleep-wake cycle, autonomic tone and the occurrence of headache attacks, by using actigraphy, heart-rate variability and pupillometry. All these methods are well validated, and frequently used in studies on sleep and autonomic function. The study design is that of a case-control model where 15 cluster headache patients will undergo pupillometry, before wearing the actigraph and heart-rate variability-monitor for two weeks, once in cluster bout and once in remission phase.
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a ubiquitous neuropeptide found at the very centers of the migraine process, both centrally and peripherally. It has been under careful study for approximately 25 years. Several CGRP-receptor antagonists are being evaluated for acute treatment of episodic migraine. Three monoclonal antibodies are being studied for prevention of episodic migraine, and 1 monoclonal antibody is being studied for prevention of chronic migraine. In this review, we discuss the role of CGRP in normal physiology and the consequences of CGRP inhibition for human homeostasis. We then review the current state of development for CGRP-receptor antagonists and CGRP monoclonal antibodies. We close by speculating on the potential clinical role of CGRP antagonism in the acute and preventive treatment of episodic and chronic migraine.
Chronic cluster headache is rare and some of these patients become drug-resistant. Occipital nerve stimulation has been successfully employed in open studies to treat chronic drug-resistant cluster headache. Data from large group of occipital nerve stimulation-treated chronic cluster headache patients with long duration follow-up are advantageous.