Trigeminal Neuralgia Occipital Neuralgia
A disorder characterized by recurrent unilateral
brief electric shock-like pains, abrupt in onset and termination, limited to the distribution of one or more divisions of the trigeminal nerve and triggered by innocuous stimuli. It may develop without apparent cause or be due to another diagnosed disorder. There may or may not be, additionally, persistent background facial pain of moderate intensity.
Unilateral or bilateral
paroxysmal, shooting or stabbing
pain in the posterior part of the scalp, in the distribution of the greater, lesser or third occipital nerves, sometimes accompanied by diminished sensation or dysaesthesia in the affected area and commonly associated with tenderness over the involved nerve(s).